- SARS-CoV-2 is the name of the new coronavirus discovered in late 2019.
- Is the virus that causes the disease called COVID-19, short for “Coronavirus Disease of 2019.”
- In most people, the virus mainly affects the respiratory tract, but we are still learning about all of the ways it impacts the human body.
- People can carry this virus and transmit it to others, even when they do not have any symptoms themselves.
- Some people do not show any symptoms (“asymptomatic”). Some people have a mild to moderate infection and can recover at home. Other people may have a more severe illness and need to be treated in the hospital.
Other Social and structural factors impacting COVID Risk
- People of color are overrepresented in essential service industries with increased exposure
- Low-wage jobs often do not provide:
Paid sick leave
Options to work from home
Other benefits (e.g., retirement savings)
- Residential Segregation
People of color are more likely to live in residentially segregated settings with high housing density
Poor access to healthy foods
More multigenerational households with limited space
- Increased levels of Chronic Stress
Resulting from structural racism, increased incidence of violence, everyday aggression, and trauma